Browse historical notes

Included here in the BIGA Historical Items is a collection of Historical Articles and Notes relating to the Basic Income debate that can be browsed and downloaded as desired.

After the historic 11th Basic Income Earth Network Congress in Cape Town, South Africa, which included Australia's BIGA website acceptance as a BIEN international affiliate, the BIEN Newsflash 42 November 2006 (PDF, 82KB) carries a report on the proceedings, including a summation by Philippe Van Parijs and a link to the moving short video presentation made to the conference by Nobel Laureate BISHOP DESMOND TUTU Linked to another web site as well as links to the on-line papers presented.

ACOSS. (1975). Guaranteed Minimum Income: Towards the development of a policy (PDF, 185KB). Published by the ACOSS task group on Guaranteed Minimum Income, Sydney. (Note that these views may not concur with current ACOSS policy).

ACOSS. (1975) Proceedings of a seminar on Guaranteed Minimum Income held by the Australian Council of Social Service, (PDF, 3MB) with an Introduction Address by the then Minister for Social Security in the Hawke Government; the Hon Bill Hayden. Sydney, May 1975.

ACOSS. (1976) Poverty Commission's Guaranteed Minimum Income Proposals - Questions and Issues Raised (PDF, 87KB). Published by the ACOSS Economic and Social Welfare Committee's task group on Guaranteed Minimum Income, Sydney. (Note that these views may not concur with current ACOSS policy).

Benn, Concetta. (1980) Social Change and Innovation in Welfare (PDF, 2MB). Connie Benn presented this paper at a conference at Melbourne University July 11th 1980 entitled Poverty, income maintenance and welfare in Australia in the 1980's , in her capacity as Associate Director of Social Policy and Research for the Brotherhood of St. Laurence

Unknown Author (1980) Should we abolish the Department of Social Security? (PDF, 101KB) IPA Review, 34 (4), 76-79. An ultra right view from 1980.

Edwards, Meredith. (1976). A guaranteed income scheme : implications for women (PDF, 323KB) Australian Quarterly, 48 (2 (June)), 74-80.
Lecturer Note: Gender and Income guarantees

Saunders, Peter. (1987). Guaranteed Minimum Income: Obstacles to income guarantees (PDF, 55KB). ACTCOSS News, Nov, Dec. ACT Council of Social Services, Canberra.

Gerritsen, Rolf. (1977). Precis of Guaranteed Minimum Income (GMI) Issues (PDF, 79KB). This is a political discussion paper on Basic Income issues written for Tom Uren, Labor's Deputy Leader of the Opposition in 1977.

THE GUARANTEED MINIMUM INCOME (PDF, 77KB) Pamphlet written and distributed by The Unemployed Workers Movement (Western Australia). First presented at the State Conference of UWU Perth 28/29 July 1979.

Turnbull, Shann (1980). Economic development of aboriginal communities in the Northern territory Canberra: (PDF, 4MB) Australian Governement Publishing Services. Copyright Commonwealth of Australia - reproduced by permission. Library Note: Part 1 : Impact of Mining Royalties.

Turnbull, Shann (1980). Economic development of aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory Canberra: (PDF, 8MB) Australian Government Publishing Service. Copyright Commonwealth of Australia - reproduced by permission. Library Note: Part 2 : Self-sufficency (with land rights).

John Tomlinson (1984) Presented a paper at the Australian Social Work Education Conference, Launceston July 14-17 entitled The ideological implications inherent in social work: Their relevance to teaching (PDF, 723KB).

Hawke, Anne and Lewis, Donald E. (1989). Evaluation of an Alternative Income Maintenance Scheme for Australia (PDF, 389KB) in SWRC National Social Policy Conference, SWRC, University of NSW, pp.1-21. July 1989.

House of Representatives. (1988). Standing Committee on Community Affairs: Reference: Social Security Advice on Pensions and Benefits (PDF, 72KB). Canberra Wednesday 18 May 1988. Official Hansard Report. John Tomlinson's Witness before the Standing Committee in his capacity of Director, ACT Council of Social Service.

Hall, Richard. (1975). The poverty of a guaranteed income scheme (PDF, 363KB) The Bulletin, (27th Sept), 25-25.
Lecturer Note: Not everyone thought GMI was a good idea

Mathews, John. (1986). Rethinking the safety net (PDF, 231KB) Australian Society : a magazine of social issues, (November), 19-21.
Lecturer Note: Income and work

Tulloch, Patricia. (1979). Chapter 9 : Guaranteed Income - A Respone to Poverty (PDF, 380KB) in Tulloch, Patricia, Poor policies : Australian income security 1972-77, London: Croom Helm, pp.143-158.
Lecturer Note: Some early thinking on Income guarantees

Manning, Ian (1981) An Australian Guaranteed Income Scheme (PDF, 153KB). A paper presented for the workshop on Income Distribution and Redistribution, University of Melbourne, July 31 and August 1, 1981.

Tomlinson, J. (1978). In Praise of Social Welfare : The Importance of Being Worthy (PDF, 362KB) in Tomlinson, J, Is band- aid social work enough?, Darwin: Wobbly, pp.1-26. (This early article was first published in Semper Floreat in 1973).

ABC RADIO (1990). Morning Show (2CN, ABC Radio), 4 Jan. 1990 1: (PDF, 30KB) TITLE: ACT Council of Social Services President John Tomlinson claims the complicated nature of our social security system is hindering people from obtaining their full entitlements. A simpler social security system is suggested, whereby a minimum income is guaranteed regardless of other income earned which would be taxed. SPEAKERS: John TOMLINSON – President, ACT Council of Social Security. REPORTERS: Julie DARRETT.

Wiseman, John (1991 Revised, provided to the ACOSS working group on Guaranteed Minimum Income) A Guaranteed Adequate Income Scheme for Australia in the 1990's: Proposals and Issues (PDF, 395KB)

The Australian Government's Commission of Inquiry into Poverty 1975 report Poverty in Australia includes Chapter 6: Income Support: A Guaranteed Income Scheme (PDF, 349KB) as well as Appendix 6: The Incidence Of Guaranteed-Income Schemes (PDF, 706KB)

Goodin, R. E. (1992). Chapter 12: Towards a Minimally Presumptuous Social Welfare Policy (PDF, 291KB) in van Parijs, P, Arguing for basic income: ethical foundations for a radical reform, London: Verso, pp.195-214.

Tomlinson, John. (1982). Chapter 4 : Ambrose Bierce Lives (PDF, 948KB) in Social work : community work / [and] betrayed by bureaucracy, Darwin: Wobbly, pp.124-136.
Library Note: This portion is part of the larger page ranges title to 39 and 124 to 136.
Lecturer Note: Some historical GMI material

Watts, Rob. (1995). Unemployment and Citizenship : Reconstituting Social Policy in the Twenty First Century (PDF, 565KB) in Hicks, Richard (et al), Unemployment : developments and transitions, Bowen Hills: Australian Academic Press, pp.25-57.

Watts, Rob. (1995). After the White Paper : Renovating Social Policy in the 1990's (PDF, 287KB) in 1994 National Conference on Unemployment, Unemployment : challenges and solutions, Queensland University of Technology Carseldine Campus, pp.19-26.

Manning, Lowell. (1997) Development of basic income as a response to changes in work, poverty, and the break up of the welfare state: Comprising a brief summary of a thesis by Walter Van Trier "Everyone a king". This paper was prepared for the 1997 New Zealand Conference: Work, Families and the State: Problems and Possibilities for the 21st Century and me be accessed at Linked to another web site

McDonald, Allan, (1985). Visions of a new society: Would a national support income put an end to unemployment and insecurity? (PDF, 24KB)Australian Society, March 1985, pp. 14-15.

McDonald, Allan, (1986). National Support Income and work for all (PDF, 126KB). TASCOSS Occasional Paper, No 1, June 1986, The Tasmanian Council of Social Service.

McDonald, Allan, (1995). Unemployment Forever or A Support Income System and Work for All (PDF, 505KB). Urangan, Qld. Published and Distributed by A& D McDonald. (Allan advises a few copies of this book, published here as a printer's layout PDF, are still available for the cost of postage from

Braybrook, I. (1970). Negative income tax in Australia (PDF, 404KB) Australian Journal of Social Issues, 5 (2), 120-130.
Lecturer Note: Another very early article on income guarantees in Australia

Castles, F. (2001). A farewell to the Australian welfare state (PDF, 101KB) Eureka Street, 11 (1), 29-31.

Castles, F. (1994). The wage earners welfare state revisited (PDF, 572KB) Australian Journal of Social Issues, 29 (2), 120-145.

Green , David. (1983). The attack on the welfare state (PDF, 387KB) Australian Journal of Social Issues, 18 (3), 157-170.
Lecturer Note: Early response to the neo-liberal attack on the Australian welfare state

Horne, S. (1970). A comparative note on guaranteed annual income (PDF, 95KB) Australian Journal of Social Issues, 5 (2 (July)), 117-119.
Lecturer Note: One of the very oldest Australian articles on income guarantees

The History of Income Insecurity: There is an alternative (PDF, 60KB). A keynote paper given by John Tomlinson at the Queensland State Youth Affairs Network Conference, Mackay April 14th-16th 2003.

Possibilities for Social Welfare in Australia (PDF, 2MB) is a 1975 copyright Commonwealth of Australia document, reproduced by permission. The Priorities Review Staff published this review as a contribution toward improving the security of income in Australia.

Australian Government Commission Of Inquiry into Poverty (PDF, 349KB) (1975) Chapter 6 of the report: Income Support: A Guaranteed Income Scheme

Australian Government Commission Of Inquiry into Poverty (1975) Appendix 6 to the Poverty in Australia Report (PDF, 706KB) entitled The Incidence Of Guaranteed-Income Schemes

Swift, Jonathan. (2000). A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People in Ireland, from Being a Burden to their Parents or Country; and for Making Them Beneficial to the Publick (PDF, 943KB) (1729) in Goodin, Robert and Mitchell, Deborah, The foundations of the welfare state volume II, Cheltenham, Glos: Edward Elgar Publishing Inc, pp.109-118.
Library Note: This portion is part of a larger pager range: Pp 109 - 118; 221 - 258 and 459 - 462

Manning, Ian (1981) An Australian Guaranteed Income Scheme (PDF, 153KB). A paper presented for the workshop on Income Distribution and Redistribution, University of Melbourne, July 31 and August 1, 1981.

The Importance of Trust (PDF, 60KB). John Tomlinson
6th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 23&24 September 1999.
The major problem facing Australian people without paid employment (or sufficient paid work) is not the absence of work but the absence of a decent income support mechanism. There are many ways of providing sufficient paid employment to all who desire it. Identifying ways to surmount the obstacles to full employment are by no means intellectually challenging. Langmore and Quiggan (1994) set out a detailed blueprint to reduce unemployment to 3%. Governments, since 1974, have failed in this important task. The last Labor Government at least presented a coherent plan to train unemployed people and reduce the level of unemployment to 5% by the end of this century (Keating 1994).

A support Income System for Australia April 2000.htm (PDF, 31KB)

ABC Background Brief Will Hutton (PDF, 45KB)

Background briefing to BIEN Congress Berlin P. Van Parijs (PDF, 57KB)

BIEN at BERLIN 2000 Extracts from Norway Kildal et al (PDF, 30KB)

BIEN at Berlin 2000 Franzman-Lieberman Saving Citizenship (PDF, 27KB)

BIEN at Berlin 2000 Godino R on BI A French Approach (PDF, 24KB)

BIEN at Berlin 2000 Hoglund on UBI (PDF, 29KB)

BIEN at Berlin 2000 Lerner on UBI Flexibility (PDF, 32KB)

BIEN at Berlin 2000 Mathers-Taylor Extracts (PDF, 35KB)

Crumbling Pillars Robert Goodin (PDF, 30KB)

Employment Statistics Nov 2000 (PDF, 21KB)

Employment, Unemployment-Economic Dogma (PDF, 24KB)

Introducing A Support Income System Part 1 Feb 2001 (PDF, 26KB) Alan McDonald

Introducing A Support Income System Part 2 May 2001 (PDF, 22KB) Alan McDonald

Introducing A Support Income System Part 3 Aug 2001 (PDF, 27KB) Alan McDonald

OASIS NEWSLETTER 2 November 2000 (PDF, 22KB)

OASIS NEWSLETTER 5 December 2000 (PDF, 31KB)

OASIS NEWSLETTER 16th June 2002 (PDF, 22KB)

OASIS NEWSLETTER 19th August 2002 (PDF, 29KB)


OASIS NEWSLETTER 21 November 2002 (PDF, 31KB)

OASIS NEWSLETTER 23 August 2000 (PDF, 23KB)


OASIS NEWSLETTER 26 February 2001 (PDF, 23KB)

OASIS NEWSLETTER 30 August 2001 (PDF, 14KB)

OASIS NEWSLETTER 8 October 2000 (PDF, 25KB)

OASIS NEWSLETTER 9 October 2001 (PDF, 32KB)

OASIS Crossroads ABC Radio Article Will Hutton (PDF, 25KB)


OASIS Regulated Work Sharing Paper McDonald? (PDF, 24KB)

Social Coalition Paper January 2000 (PDF, 23KB)

Unemployment Search for a Solution, A. McDonald 1999 (PDF, 54KB)

Universal Income Support Paper 1 of 6 A McDonald (PDF, 31KB)

Universal Income Support Paper 2 of 6 A McDonald (PDF, 54KB)

Universal Income Support Paper 3 of 6 A McDonald (PDF, 30KB)

Universal Income Support Paper 4 of 6 A McDonald (PDF, 25KB)

Universal Income Support Paper 5 of 6 A McDonald (PDF, 23KB)

Universal Income Support Paper 6 of 6 A McDonald (PDF, 26KB)

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